Category Archives: Semi Precious Stone

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BORNITA… A Stone full of joy | About Bornita stone | Kabeer Agate

  • May 9, 2020
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BORNITA… A Stone full of joy

Also known as Iridescent Chalcopyrite or Peacock Rock in English, La Bornita crystallizes in the form of masses, occasionally in cubic and rhombohedral or rhomobo-dodecahedron forms. The Color is immensely rich and in different combinations, all iridescent, iridescent from copper red to the entire range of blues, violets, pinks, yellows, greens, turquoises and it will surprise you with all the most exquisite coloration.

This is a stone full of joy, capable of lowering the joy of the soul to the physical body. Its iridescence is only a symbol of the brightness, light and joy of the soul, and all this is transferred to us by prolonged contact or meditation with this divine stone.

La Bornita can clear the heart of sadness by reminding you of its noble origin and all its potential and reminding us that life is in itself an experience of joy and joy.

It is full of freshness, it opens new paths for us, it helps us to go further, to look deeper and deeper within ourselves, allowing us to progress.

It connects us with the infinite possibility of balance, harmony and joy that resides in the moment, this stone locates us in the moment and roots us in all the light of it.

It is an excellent activator of the chakras, balances them, aligns them and allows you to integrate the mind with the heart. It has a relief for every pain.

It prompts us to leave behind everything that no longer serves us anymore, it leads us along the paths of joy, letting us see that life is an ecstasy of continuous creation in which we are partakers.

It is a great protector for negativity, creating a protective field around us and letting us recognize the source of where it comes from. It will also free us from internal negativity, letting us see it and emanating in spirals the relief that balances it. She emanates all the force of alignment with well-being, circularly traps the entire negative and transforms it into pure beneficial energy.

Meditating with the Bornita you can recognize the blockages that you carry inside and that prevent you from reaching your goals. For this you can put it on the third eye or your left hand. Wherever you put it, it will be acting and affecting the entire area around it, due to its circular emanation.

She is also a great healer, bringing structure and harmony not only to energy systems but to body systems and above all she is a great healer of the cellular system, working to return it to its functioning and perfect organizations.

By working as a healer with her you will be able to access the origin of cellular disorders or tumor or cancer formations. Thus managing to bring the patient to balance these pains or distorted visions with new beliefs full of superior light force that will gradually return perfection to the physical body.

It is also used at the physical level in applications above the waist, to regulate the flow of adrenaline, increase alkalinity when there is a state of too much acid; to increase the assimilation of potassium, to decrease calcifications or states in excess of calcium.

You can also use it to decrease a fever and sweats. And as a general harmonizer.

If you use it in applications below the waist, it will help you increase blood circulation, increase acidity when there is a state of too much alkalinity, to stabilize and assimilate sodium retention, and to stimulate the flow of adrenalin.

You can also use it to stop seizures or spasms.

In elixir you can use it to treat dehydration and to harmonize the upper body with the lower body and heal what is described above.

I know that when looking at this stone one is trapped in its beauty and can deepen it, I hope you can discover all the power that the Bornita has to balance and to reconnect with your Happiness, that of the soul, with the sense of your life and fill your path, your being and all your things with its iridescence and the magic that it brings.

If it is possible to be happy on this Earth, we are here to be happy and for this you have to penetrate the moment … these are the words of the Bornite…

Let you go through all its flow of lights and enjoy it….

Wholesale Worry Stones

PETALITE

PETALITE… SUBTLE FORCE THAT SUPPORTS AND TAKES YOU ON A TRIP

  • April 11, 2020
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Petalite crystallizes in masses, it belongs to the monoclinic system, also called oblique or clinorombic, its fundamental geometric shape is an oblique prism whose base is a rhombus; with a binary axis or a plane of symmetry. Colors range from transparent, white, gray, pink and light green.

The first time I had this stone in my hand, I immediately felt its subtle energy, very high, but very strong. Petalite is a very special Crystal, also called an angel stone, because it enhances connections with angels or higher dimensions.

Their energy can transport you from immediate reality to other distant ones; but there is something in it that keeps you here, planted, rooted and that is a very special feature for such a subtle stone; it shows that the human is ready to be multidimensional. So you can download all the information you get with it in meditation, or using it, all those illuminations that it transmits to you on the physical plane, feeling a force of renewal, feeling that you can solve something, understand something, go beyond, overcome any situation.

It is a very powerful stone, full of very high vibrations that will put you in contact with your spiritual guides, Animals Totems, with your soul, with the ancestors etc. So it is a great stone to use during your self-search and growth meditations or when you do rituals, when you work with the Medicine Wheel, Temazcal or any sacred space; for La Petalita will cover and protect the space with its great light and strength and will establish the channels for communication to flow between the worlds.

It is a Stone full of Peace, which shelters you with its great light and guides you with its voice, allowing you to go deeper within a meditation or within a spiritual investigation.

It is a connector; it has grooves, so the speed flows freely. It connects you with what you want to connect with, be they people, patients, guides, angels, crystals, etc. To dream she is also an excellent companion and protector during the astral journey.

If someone wants to learn to meditate, it is a very good tool to start, because it stops the mind immediately and will give you a balance between being here and there and will help you understand your depths and the presence of the other dimensions.

In his company, you will be highly protected to immerse yourself in the other planes.

With it you can practice expanding your vision, to see the auras and you can clean the aura too, taking it with you or passing it around the person’s auric field.

It works on any chakra, although its subtle energy between the eyebrows or the crown chakra will be essential. But by putting it in any other chakra what you will generate will be the stimulation of the most subtle and divine energies of that chakra. EX: Root chakra, the Kundalini.

It is a stone for the student of himself who wishes to develop his superior subtle capacities such as clairvoyance, clairaudience, telepathy and empathy. All of this can be very useful for a Crystal therapist.

She is loving and sweet, but she is also full of joy and drive and will stimulate you to follow her and move forward.

La Petalita connects the subtle bodies and aligns them, cleanses them of negative energy and will be a firm helper to release the aura of entities. Cleanse in a spiritual way, which can free you from negative karma by understanding the implicit lesson. It also aligns the two cerebral hemispheres and the ying-yang giving you a feeling of well-being and stability in the mind, body and spirit.

It is a very strong energy vortex; you can use it in Crystal therapy or other alternative therapies to really connect the person with the realms of light.

As a powerful stone and vortex, use it with great respect, she is a continuous source of Holy Light energy, and wherever you put it she will be emanating this energy.

At the Physical level it will be a great pain reliever, it will help you to lower a fever, to relax any area in tension. It works in the endocrine system, as it is a spiritual stone. It also works by bringing harmony to the cellular level, bringing light to the cells, so it is perfect for people with cancer or AIDS. It also helps correct vision, treats the lungs and the entire area of ​​muscle tension. It will also treat depression and emotional overflow.

Depending on its color, it will act on the heart if it is pink or green or gray to clean. The transparent has that level of transmission and elevation.

May this Crystal of pure light illuminate your days and your work and help you advance on your path of light. She is full of illuminations to share, she is a great friend, always loyal, always strong, and ready to sweep away what she is not and help you to direct yourself in higher and deeper senses.

Prehnite Healing Properties

onix stone

ONIX THE PROTECTIVE STONE | BENEFITS AND USES

  • April 11, 2020
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The Onyx represents the Zero Point, the Great Universal silence, the Great dream of God. It is under the rule of Pluto, which is responsible for the life and death of all processes.

She is the Great protector of the stones, she will absorb like a black hole any negative energy that is inside us or that comes to us from outside, any psychological or psychological attack.

It is good to use it once a week to clean your aura and it is good to use it when we know that we are going to meet negative people or situations; also when we visit hospitals or funeral homes. She will also take care of cleaning your house if you leave it in certain corners.

His Genius or essence, the spirit that inhabits the Onyx consciousness, is generally masculine and very wise.

It corresponds to the first Chakra or Root Chakra and it will help you to settle the energy, to anchor yourself, to land on this physical plane and the daily reality and it is fantastic to get rid of fears.

Its darkness contains great wisdom, whoever understands it will understand life and death … that’s how great the Onyx is.

It is a totally black type of Agate and represents the dimension that is beyond terrestrial life.

Its black color absorbs all the others and its abyss of darkness absorbs and emanates the power of the unity of all the other stones and of the Absolute.

Everything in it is contained in silence and eternal peace. Onix is ​​the overcoming of multiplicity in unity. In this stone the potential energy of all manifestation is at absolute rest.

In the Onyx are the mysteries of death and the afterlife, legends said that it was the Onyx who instructed the Egyptians about the post-morten process.

Onyx contains the wisdom of the ancestors of man and of the first countries of humanity. In him rest the dead and the Gods and everything that is beyond the Gods.

The darkness of this stone is only the voice that holds the supreme knowledge of divinity and the door for answers to the most venerable mysteries.

It is a porous and absorbent stone; it will absorb all negative energies. If the light of the black color symbolizes the primordial unity, its shadow is ignorance; Attracted by this ignorance and not by the wisdom hidden behind its darkness, the non-evolved entities, the unbalanced energies tend to approach the Onyx. This is his trap as the stone magnetically attracts negative energies, absorbs them and dissolves them in the abyss of darkness.

Thus the bad forces penetrate the Onyx and plunge into the void of nothingness and are dissolved by this trick-filled stone.

If you wear an Onyx and are the target of someone else’s negative thoughts, with it you will find yourself protected. It will be the stone that absorbs the attack and cancels it.

When in contact with the Onyx, negative people lose their energy and feel how their power weakens, since the stone tends to absorb it.

After the visit of negative people in your house, you can put Onix in the corners or where the person was and he will clean the place; The same after moments where our thoughts were not positive or when there were discussions, the Onyx will clean us and clean the spaces. Placing it under the bed will free you from nightmares and absorb from your unconscious what generates them.

The Onyx will kindly protect its bearer, purify its aura and courageously rid it of all evil.

As an austere connoisseur of the mysteries of life and death, this stone transmits seriousness, humility and confidence.

Without realizing it and during his contact with the stone, its bearer will see how many of his doubts are clarified, he will see his spiritual strength increase and he will receive vibrations of that special serenity that comes from an intimate knowledge of the truth.

During a loving or professional relationship, Onix guarantees the control of passions in disharmony, promoting a long and fruitful union.

This stone favors the reserved character that preserves the spirits of impulsiveness and saves many fights for spouses or partners.

From the depths of his darkness, his inner voice will speak to you and inspire you with answers to many spiritual doubts. Everything comes from nothing or the primordial Absolute and returns there, therefore, this stone represents the cosmic movement of the Primordial Unity that fragments into multiplicity, to eventually return to it again.

In the Onyx, in its black abyss the absolute equality of the Primordial Unit reigns.

In every house where an Onyx is found, fraternity will reign, because this stone absorbs everything that can cause disharmony.

Although Onix dissolves disturbing energies, it can sometimes become overloaded. When this happens, the stone will warn you through your intuition or you will see it opaque and dull, then clean it with water and sun and smoke it with incense.

On a physical level, it treats kidney pathologies, taking its elixir in the first dilution. It also treats bones, teeth, blood disorders, and feet. It is also used to temper character, and to control exaggerated and out of proportion sexual desires.

The Onyx is wonderful, it is one of the sacred stones of the ancient tradition of crystals and will be a close friend and a great protector with whom you will feel safe, calm and well associated.

It is a basic stone that you must have and use frequently, because it will be the one that cleanses your entire being of everything that blocks you or everything that happens to you from the outside ………. Hold it for Grand Master and protector; you will always be at his hand sure….a hug…..

Kabeer Agate – new age healing products suppliers.

Amblygonite

Amblygonite: beauty and fragility are the main properties of stone

  • February 14, 2020
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Amblygonite is never brightly colored: such is its original property! Faceted amblygonite crystals by weight rarely exceed 10-15 carats – which does not prevent the stone from growing in suitable natural conditions to a mass of 200 tons!

Amblygonite is not common on retail stalls or in deposits. However, in the Ore Mountains of Germany he was found long ago. August Breitgaupt, studying samples of Saxon minerals, isolated and described amblygonite in the year 1817.

Variability is an important property of amblygonite

Translated from Greek, “amblygonite” means “obtuse.” Giving the stone such a name, A. Breitgaupt had large angles between the cleavage planes in mineral crystals. The chemical composition of amblygonite belongs to phosphates. The amblygonite formula looks like (Li, Na) Al [F | PO4], but its variability is an important property of the mineral.

In the molecular structure of amblygonite, the metals lithium and sodium are equivalent, but lithium prevails quantitatively. Ambigonite Stone is used in industry as lithium ore. A mineral with a large (relative to lithium) amount of sodium is called natroambligonite. Fluorine in the molecule can be replaced by a hydroxyl group. In this case, amblygonite is usually called montebrazite, at the place of detection of samples in France. A decrease in the amount of sodium in the composition is observed in amblygonites mined near the town of Hebron (USA). A sodium-free variety of the mineral is called hebronite.

Ambligonite has been discovered and mined in Brazil, in which oxidized phosphorus, in addition to lithium, is combined with iron. In honor of the discoverer of the mineral Elisario Tavor, the stone is called the tavorite. It is possible that in the future mineralogy will replenish with ambigonites of other compositions: the theory does not prohibit the occurrence of phosphorus oxide compounds with other elements.

Physical properties of amblygonite

Amblygonite forms short-columned crystals, often fusing into a continuous massif or into a granular drusen (brush). Ambigonite color is expressed restrained or absent altogether. In addition to white and colorless, amblygonite is yellowish, gray with blue, greenish, turquoise, violet or pink.

Transparent crystals of amblygonite are cut. Opaque and translucent amblygonites are used for the manufacture of collection items and all kinds of crafts. Fractured, but dense amblygonites with marked zoning of color can be faceted with cabochons and beads.

The cost of products from amblygonite

Ambigonite of ornamental quality is inexpensive. Jewelry ambigonites are not found in every deposit: stones come to the masters only from isolated deposits. A well-cut amblygonite comes from Namibia: this stone has a fairly saturated violet color, inherent in the best varieties of Persian lilac. Ambigonite products from Brazil are famous for their distinctive golden hue. Large gems from these deposits are rare and expensive. The most common colors of amblygonite are blurry green, yellow and blue tones. Stones of even impeccable faceting (a rarity for third-world artisans) coming from Thailand and Africa are estimated at around 10-20 dollars per carat

. Five (or more) more expensive amblygonite inserts made in Italy, Germany, Japan, and Brazil. The highest quality of processing eliminates noticeable natural defects of the stone.

Diamond luster – a rare property of Anatase stone

Onyx Stone

Properties and Virtues of Onyx | Mineralogical characteristics of Onyx

  • August 20, 2019
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The onyx, the “stone walnut white vain” of the Middle Ages would give to see devils and ghosts. Have these so-called evil powers been inspired by the diaphanous creatures and white faces of the ancient cameos?

Ancient civilizations were able to reveal all the sober beauty of onyx and sardonyx by engraving them with infinite delicacy and their knowledge has never been equaled.

Mineralogical characteristics of Onyx

Onyx is included in the broad group of silicates and in the subclass of tectosilicates. It integrates the large family of varied agates and chalcedonies, such as carnelian, sardoine, chrysoprase, plasma or heliotrope.

Onyx, of essentially siliceous composition, has a vitreous luster, an important hardness of 7/10. It is formed at low temperatures and occurs in massive aggregates or nodular sometimes flattened by the movement of water.

The great feature of onyx is the alternation of black bands, or very brown, with white bands. Other chalcedonies can mingle with onyx by forming layers of different colors. The names of these varieties evoke their associations:

  • Sardonyx (sardoine and onyx)
  • Agatonyx (agate and onyx)
  • Jasponyx (jasper and onyx)

These semi-precious stones with colored layers are called “banded”.

Confusions and Deceitful Appellations

The true black and white striped onyx sometimes takes the name of onyx “arabic or arabica” or “oriental onyx”. But there are many misleading names and confusions. For example:

  • Black onyx is often called black monochrome chalcedony.
  • The “onyx of Peru” is actually a pale pink stone from the group of carbonates called manganocalcite.
  • The onyx-marble also called “onyx limestone” or “onyx-marble” consists of a mixture of calcite and aragonite, its composition has nothing to do with that of onyx. No more than the spurious “Mexican onyx” which is also similar to the marbles?

The onyx becomes scarce hence the temptation to produce it artificially. Solutions of ammonium chloride and cobalt are used to obtain a dark color, often unstable over time, on a chalcedony or a uniform agate. A regular clear coat is then removed by removing the excess shade with hydrochloric acid.

The diapers of Onyx

The most common onyx has two parallel layers. Nicolino, nicollino or nichetto (from Italian onicolo) are called small onyxes with a thin black or bluish upper layer. Three-layer onyx is in great demand and rarities at four, five or even six layers, even more so.

Provenances of Onyx

  • South Africa
  • Argentina
  • Bolivia
  • Brazil
  • United States
  • India
  • Iran
  • Italy
  • Madagascar
  • Mexico
  • Siberia
  • Turkey
  • Uruguay

Etymology of the word “Onyx”

Onyx means “nail” or “claw “in Greek (onux in Latin). Formed on the same basis, “onychophagia” means for example the compulsive habit of eating and eating one’s nails.

In ancient times, several minerals, and even shells, more or less resembling nails are called onyx. It seems nevertheless that the Greek word onychion and the Latin expression gemma onyche used by Pliny (1st century AD) particularly designate a variety of agate corresponding to the modern onyx.

As Buffon explains, “the Greeks formed an elegant and mythological origin with onyx”. Thus, the legend tells that the little god of love Eros (the Cupid of the Romans) uses one of his arrows to cut the nails of his sleeping mother, Venus. The mischievous flies off and drops the trimmings on the shore of India. The Parques, three sister goddesses responsible for presiding over destinies, collect them and transform them into stones called since “onyx”.

From the Middle Ages, one finds indifferently the forms: onisse , onice , onix or onyce .

Onyx through History

In ancient times

Onyx comes from India or Arabia. The most beautiful ones would come from the Shibam Mountain near Mareb, capital of the prestigious kingdom of Saba (today under the sands of Yemen in the region of Hadramout). The large size of onyx blocks used always amaze historians and scientists.

All the peoples of antiquity skilfully use onyx.  In Abydos, Egypt, a large number of plates, vases and large onyx jars were discovered. Onyx earrings are frequently found in funerary temples. The Romans make signet rings engraved with various symbols.

The Cabinet of Medals retains a Phoenician seal dating from 780 BC representing with great finesse the child-sun god Nefertoum among lotus flowers.

Tourmaline Stone Benefits

According to the Greek historian Appian, Mithridates the Great, King of the Bridge around 100 BC (northern Turkey today), possessed two thousand gold vases and onyx. After his victory, Pompey will bring to Rome the precious vases, the number of which may have been exaggerated. Their material is not known with certainty because onyx also means alabastrite, a kind of veined white marble. This oriental alabaster is used to make containers used to store precious ointments and scented balms such as benzoin or myrrh. This odoriferous resin is said to be at the origin of murrhin or onyx murrheus vases frequently mentioned in ancient stories.

The vessels of Mithridates were perhaps in alabaster. The same confusion occurs today with the “marble-onyx”.

Onyx but more frequently sardonyx, is frequently called memphite. Around 200 BC, General Scipio the African would have brought to Rome the first sardonyx much sought after.

Antiquity excels in the art of glyptics (cameos and intaglios). The Greeks and Romans preferably use stones with straight and parallel layers. The more layers there are, the more complex the work. Some colors are enhanced to enhance the final rendering. There are many antique works in museums onyx or sardonyx.

Among the most famous, we can see admire two at the Cabinet of Medals of Paris, dating from the first century AD:

– Apotheosis of Augustus or cameo of the Sainte-Chapelle. It is the largest known cameo in the world (31 x 26 cm), it dates from the 1st century AD We see Augustus and all his lineage to the Roman emperor Tiberius, or 24 characters:

The middle Ages, by mistake, gave a Christian interpretation to this representation. King St. Louis acquired it and deposited it as a relic to the Sainte-Chapelle.

– The cup of Ptolemy, said vase of Saint-Denis. Carved in a single block of sardonyx, the canthar, dedicated to Bacchus or Dionysus, has two handles in the form of vines. We see, executed with incomparable precision, festive scenes where many characters and animals evolve among ornaments and plants.

The cup would have belonged to the Carolingian king Charles the Simple. The addition of a base adorned with precious stones, disappeared during the Revolution, transformed it into a chalice that would have been used for the ceremony of the coronation of the queens of France.

The glyptic disappears in the West at the time of the barbarian invasions. In the first centuries of the Middle Ages, Roman cameos were rediscovered, enriching royal treasures and churches. Clumsy imitations are made on glass, easier to work.

In the Middle Ages

In medieval texts, the term onice frequently designates all agate intaglios.  The animal intestines on certain animals have a good reputation, so the deer and the snake transmit courage.

To wear the night onyx in necklace or in ring is disadvised:  “it gives to see the devils and gives a lot of fentosmes to sleep”. In the best case, onyx allows you to converse during your sleep with a missing loved one and to keep the memory when you wake up.

The onyx, especially the black, would have other negative influences: It makes the mood difficult, arouses the sadness, salivates excessively the children and multiplies the processes.

Bishop Marbode said in the twelfth century: “If you have Sardinian with you, the onyx cannot harm you”. The Sardinian or Sardoine takes its name from the ancient city of Sardis, located today in Turkey. Sardinian brings sweetness and temperance to onyx.

In Modern Times

The rich collections of antique cameos are in fashion in the Renaissance. Isabella d’Este, wife of the Duke de Gonzague, has some very beautiful ones in Mantua. The most famous is known today as the Gonzague cameo or Malmaison cameo. This large cameo of 16 x 12 cm has traveled a lot and known other prestigious owners as the Empress Josephine and Tsar Alexander I.

It dates from the 3rd century BC and comes from Alexandria. He represents Ptolemy II and his sister-wife Arsinoe. (Visible at the Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg).

Onyx frequently enters into the composition of art objects made by contemporary goldsmiths. Austria keeps onyxkanne (the onyx ewer) at the Vienna Museum of Art History.

This spectacular vase made of onyx and gold, enriched with precious stones, 28 cm high is an achievement of the French artist Richard Toutain. King Charles IX of France offers it, during his union with Elizabeth of Austria in 1570, the Tyrolean prince representing him at the marriage by proxy. The onyx ewer contributes to the influence of French art in Europe and brings a striking touch to the dark reign of the penultimate Valois.

Onyx remains popular in the time of the Bourbons. We learn that the beautiful Gabrielle d’Estrée, favorite of Henry IV, has ” a pendant of an onice in which is engraved the figure of the king “.

Louis XIV enriched his collections by buying a sumptuous mirror made of rock crystal, adorned with onyx, sardoine, jasper and precious stones. Directed by Venetian artists during the Renaissance, this mirror, said of Marie de Medici, would never have belonged to the grandmother of the king.

Louis XV has a stamp with the motto “love assembles” made of two-layer onyx, carnelian and gold. We can see the delicate profile of Madame de Pompadour protected by a pretty lid decorated with foliage and red fruits.

The Marquise devotes herself to the art of cameos. She receives in her small workshop of the castle of Versailles, the courses of Jacques Guay, famous engraver. A touching testimony of the “creative leisure” of the favorite has survived: a charming onyx nicolo on a blue background representing, according to a drawing by Boucher, a small musician god winged and chubby.

François de Gillet-Laumont, mining inspector and brilliant mineralogist discovers onyx in the Paris region around 1795. The hill of Champigny-sur-Marne, already exploited for the extraction of carbonaceous lime conceals, among siliceous infiltrations, pink chalcedony and three-layer onyx. Two layers have a reddish-brown color separated by the third from a bluish-white semi-transparent. The dough lacks a bit of finesse but the engraver of fine stones Romain-Vincent Jeuffroy makes very beautiful cameos.

Imperial Topaz stone Benefits

The deposit is unfortunately depleted very quickly and the onyx of Champigny becomes a rarity. During the 19th century, most European onyx came from Scotland or Germany.

The Virtues of Onyx Lithotherapy

It was once mistrustful of its dream powers but modern lithotherapy recognizes many virtues to the onyx. He embodies strength and self-control.

The Benefits of Onyx against Physical Injuries

  • Fortifies bone marrow, nails, teeth, hair
  • Attenuates tinnitus and tinnitus
  • Strengthens the circulatory system
  • Improves cholesterol and triglyceride levels
  • Relieves feet (in elixir)

The Benefits of Onyx on Psychism and Relational

  • Gives confidence in the future
  • Promotes weighting , control of emotions and passions
  • Soothes hypochondria
  • Encourages sense of responsibility
  • Stimulates the search for truth
  • Keep away from nightmares  and bad dreams
  • Reduces worries and bad memories
  • Provides support in difficult times, mourning

Precautions in the use of Onyx Lithotherapy

Extended wear is not recommended for depressed people, children and during pregnancy because it can bring sadness.

Purification and Reloading of Onyx

The onyx is purified frequently. Distilled water or slightly soapy water followed by rinsing will be best for it. Avoid other substances that are too aggressive. The recharging will be indifferently in a cluster of quartz, or in sunlight or lunar.

Labradorite

Properties and virtues of Labradorite | Mineralogical properties of labradorite

  • August 16, 2019
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During a survey on our Facebook page dedicated to Lithotherapy, to the question “What is your favorite stone?” It was labradorite that came in first place, in front of the amethyst. To be sure, the “Labrador Stone” is highly appreciated by mineralogists and lithotherapy enthusiasts.

This popularity is due, among other things, to the beauty of labradorite, with its play of colors in metallic luster dominated by blue, green and gold. But beyond its aesthetics, it is a crystal with many qualities from the point of view of therapeutic practice. Let’s discover in this article the properties and virtues of this powerful healing stone…

Mineralogical properties of labradorite

Labradorite is a mineral from the group of silicates, a subgroup of tectosilicates, of the plagioclase feldspar family. It is found primarily in Canada, but also in the United States, Finland, France, Madagascar, Russia and Ukraine. Its crystalline system is triclinic.

Etymology and meaning of the name “labradorite”

The name Labradorite comes from the name of the area where it was discovered in 1770: Labrador, Canada. Romé de L’Isle describes it as “Labrador Stone” in 1783, which is the very meaning of “labradorite”, the suffix ” -ite ” from ancient Greek -itês, “mineral” and labrador indicating the origin of this mineral.

The virtues of labradorite against physical ailments

Labradorite is used to balance disorders related to the digestive system, as well as hormonal and menstrual disorders. It is also effective in stimulating the muscular system and blood circulation, as well as in the treatment of certain inflammatory diseases, such as rheumatism or gout.

Great fatigue

By the energy it brings, labradorite can recover from fatigue, whether physical or intellectual.Take the stone in hand and focus on the energy it gives you to regain strength and tone. If you suffer from chronic fatigue, wear a labradorite.

Emphysema

If you have emphysema, carry a labradorite on your chest.

Migraines and headaches

To lessen the headaches, you can gently rub a labradorite on your forehead and aching areas, while refreshing the stone in a bowl of water if you notice that it is heating up.

Warts

You can use labradorite to help you get rid of warts by gently rubbing the stone on the affected parts.

Psychic and psychological virtues of labradorite

Stabilizer of the mood

Against the swings of mood, labradorite is all advised. It is a stone that brings balance and consistency in feelings. It helps to overcome stress and feelings of anxiety, and promotes intellect, inspiration and intuition.

For healing by laying on of hands

Labradorite is a powerful stone, intimately linked to the chakra of the hand that allows deep activation.For this reason; healers who heal with their hands should use it daily to activate their chakra with their hands.

Protection stone

Labradorite is an excellent protective stone against psychic energies and negative thoughts. It forms a barrier of protection against mental pollution.

Mental sharpness, creativity and problem solving

By allowing us to preserve ourselves from mental pollution, labradorite promotes clarity of thought and mental acuity.   It is a beneficial stone for helping professionals, but also for artists by stimulating inspiration.

Gemotherapy and Its Effects

It allows you to find original solutions to a problem and make the right decisions. You can use it by placing it under your pillow and thinking about the problem you want to solve.

Care and cleaning of labradorite

The maintenance of labradorite is simple: unload it in a large container of water overnight, and recharge it in the sun.

How to use crystal quartz?

Properties and virtues of Aventurine

  • March 8, 2019
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The beautifully glittering sun quartz bears the charming name of Aventurine. A shower of golden or silvery dots makes all their appeal and the dull and dull “aventurines” that are sometimes presented to us do not deserve their name. Other minerals have brilliant inclusions, so they can at best be called “adventurized stones”.

It is rare that a natural phenomenon is referred to as a manufactured product, so beautiful and so precious. But the fact is there: the aventurine stone comes out of anonymity around 1600 thanks to an artistic technique and a process of manufacture of the master glassmakers of Murano near Venice.

Mineralogical characteristics of aventurine

Aventurine is a variety of quartz, itself classified in the group of silicates and in the subgroup of tectosilicates. Like the chalcedonies, the aventurine is cryptocrystalline quartz, ie formed of microscopic crystalline granules; this particular composition gives to the mineral an opaque aspect.

Adventurine has other features common to quartz, however its hardness is slightly lower (6.5 instead of 7 on a scale of 10) and its density slightly higher. The presence of mineral or metallic inclusions explains these differences.

The color comes from these inclusions: the more they are abundant (usually 10 to 20% of the matter) the more the aventurine will be colored in a uniform way.

Micaceous inclusions are the most common. Mica, formed of aluminum and potassium, is also a silicate but belongs to another group: phyllosilicates. It comes in several species and subspecies of composition and thus of various colors. The green aventurine, very widespread and appreciated for the intensity of its shades owes its color to the fuchsite, rich chromium mica of the muscovite species.

Other inclusions are possible: brown aventurine is colored by pyrite, red by hematite, goethite or copper, blue by dumorérite or ilmenite.

The aventurine is everywhere; it is formed in the magmatic and metamorphic rocks into multiform aggregates (nodules, stalactites, pebbles …). The main extraction sites are in India (State of Tamil Nadu), Brazil (State of Minas Gerais), Russia (Urals and Siberia), Tanzania, and Tibet, United States (State of Vermont), in Central Europe (Bohemia, Silesia), Spain, Austria, and France (Finistère).

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The aventurescence

This name is given to the shiny and glittery appearance produced by light reflected in mineral or metallic inclusions. This term does not apply only to aventurine. Other minerals have this characteristic: for example, iolite or some feldspar such as sunstone, especially that from Oregon (known as Oregon sunstone), very clear and very colorful with inclusions of copper.

The beautiful adventurines are rarely found and most of those offered for sale have unfortunately an insufficient adventure.  Adventurines without any adventures are mostly brightly colored crystals used for low cost jewelry. A wide range of colors is sure to announce an artificial treatment!

The misleading name “Indian jade  ” sometimes refers to green aventurine. Jade and amazonite are rarer then the aventurine of the same color sometimes replaces them. The vases, cups and other small objects in green aventurine have a beautiful fresh and frosty appearance. Jewelers frequently carve cabochon aventurine to reveal the beauty of this semi-precious stone.

Etymology and meaning of the word “Aventurine”

Aventurine derives from the word “adventure”, a term from the popular Latin adventura (“what must happen”) , from the verb  advenire (“to occur”, “to happen”). In ancient French, the word takes the meaning of “fate, destiny” (meaning that we still find in the phrase “good adventure”). Adventure is finally and also chance, a meaning found in the adverbial phrase “adventure “(if by chance, you go on an adventure, come what may!)

At the beginning of the seventeenth century, a glass worker whose name is unknown would have dropped at random “per aventura  ” flakes of copper or brass filings in the molten glass. Maladresse or will to innovate? No one knows but the result is conclusive. The glass containing a constellation of glittering particles is a great success and becomes the adventurine or aventurine , specialty and monopoly of the Venetian master glassmakers (we speak of “aventurine glass” or avventurina ).

Subsequently, all things are dotted with small bright dots of “adventurine” including natural things as the stone aventurine (pietra venturina).

Some argue for the opposite of this explanation: it might be natural adventurine that gave its name to the artificial. This version is unlikely because there is no trace of this name before. It is also possible that the glassmakers invented the story in response to the curious too interested in their manufacturing secrets. Chance does things well and cannot be explained!

In France, the first written trace of the stone called “aventurine” dates from 1686. We owe this testimony to a very famous lady of this century, Madame de Maintenon: “I found that a rosary that I believed the nuns was calambur and another of aventurine …  “

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Aventurine throughout history

Aventurine in the ancient world

The Egyptians exploited quartz mines and found in Upper Egypt greenish micaceous quartz that might well be aventurine but we do not know the old name or names of the aventurine. Modern naturalists have tried some approximations but without certainty.

According to the descriptions left by Pliny and by other authors of Antiquity, the aventurine could hide, among others, behind these strange minerals:

The coralleachate or coralloagate , a coral red precious stone dotted with small golden dots.

The star or starry stone, so called because “we see the figure of all the stars”, the most beautiful come from Egypt and Arabia; it is the size as opal.

The sandarésus or sandastros , found in India and southern Arabia, a religious stone of the Chaldeans, with an interior fire placed behind a transparent substance shining with stars that seem like drops of gold.

On the other side of the sea, pre-Columbian civilizations have left some concrete evidence and one can see in the British Museum of London, a famous statuette of the very old Olmec civilization. This curious character of about thirty centimeters, is in green aventurine, stocky with a big human or animal head, it dates from 400 BC

Adventurine in the middle Ages

Jean de Mandeville, explorer and naturalist tells us about a stone that could well be the medieval aventurine:

“Stone verde tasted like drops of gold: this stone gives” moult “of goods to the one who wears it. It is good for people who are fearful because it gives boldness, good sense and good countenances grace and honor …  “but it is also specified that this stone being a holy stone, we must avoid lust.

Adventure in modern times

As we have seen, in the 17th century, stones with small bright dots are called aventurines. The difference between minerals is not yet well established. On the one hand there are the stones, natural aventurines, and on the other hand the artificial aventurine, this wonderful glass of Venice with golden particles.

From that time, a third aventurine is very famous: the Chinese and Japanese aventurine lacquer. This vegetable lacquer is obtained from latex derived from Asian softwoods “lacquer tree”. On this lacquer, often black, flakes of mica, bronze or gold are blown.

This very delicate art is very pleasing in France, and the ships of the East India Company bring a number of screens and delightful objects in aventurine lacquer. We try to imitate these complex processes but not possessing trees or know-how, we create very beautiful varnishes (the famous Martin varnishes) with adventurized varieties that will contribute to the renown of the French cabinetmaking under Louis XV.

In the eighteenth century, scholars pondered the fate of the stone aventurine. It is described as a kind of yellowish or yellow-brown gemstone with small gold dots that gives it a lot of brilliance. Diderot in her great Encyclopedia defines her as shimmering and classifies her in precious stones “like agate, lapis and others”.

In 1802, Nicolas Jolyclerc attributes the “label” aventurine to “feldspars sprinkled with small sequins”; he said that the others, the aventurines are “false (although natural)”.

This division into two species, one true feldspar and the other pseudo-aventurine quartz, will persist more or less throughout the nineteenth century. However, some mineralogists, such as Balthazar-George Sage, relate it to the genera of quartz. Today aventurine is definitely a quartz and feldspar that does not belong to the same group can simply be adventurinated.

Russian craftsmen from Yekaterinburg carved an immense basin, in a single block of ocher aventurine extracted on a summit of the Ural around 1830. This imposing work required several years of work, it measures 2.46 m wide and 1.46 m high. It is exposed in the center of the coat of arms of the magnificent Winter Palace of the Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg.

Closer to home, under the dome of the Invalides in Paris, visitors from all nations, disturbed by the extreme solemnity of the place, circulate in silence around an impressive realization in quartzite of red aventurine. The tomb of Napoleon I required twenty years of work before being definitively erected under the dome in 1861. The stone comes from Karelia, Finnish region formerly Russian territory. This choice was not unanimous, the emperor would not he wanted a rock extracted from French soil?

Properties and virtues of aventurine in lithotherapy

A stone of introspection and prosperity, aventurine brings positive solutions and promotes general well-being. It absorbs harmful waves including electromagnetic waves present in our environment.

Adventurine is traditionally associated with the heart chakra. It combines very well with pink quartz. The elixirs of aventurine are excellent for all dermatological conditions (eczema, acne …).

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The benefits of aventurine against physical ailments

  • Soothes dermatoses (eczema and other rashes)
  • Promotes the harmonious growth of young children
  • Regulates heart rate (beneficial action on heart conditions in general)
  • Improves circulatory disorders
  • Activates cellular regeneration
  • Balance the blood pressure
  • Promotes lowering cholesterol
  • Relaxes the muscles
  • Preserves the urogenital system
  • Soothes tired eyes
  • Attenuates headaches
  • Calm nausea (green aventurine)

The benefits of aventurine on the psyche and relational

  • Brings a clear and positive view of events
  • Soothes fears and anxieties (especially of early childhood)
  • Promotes inner tranquility, self-control
  • Boosts decision-making ability
  • Help to complete the projects (patience and perseverance)
  • Calm the anger
  • Stimulates creativity
  • Promotes compassion

Properties and Virtues of the Carnelian

  • March 8, 2019
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Carnelian frequently accompanies emerald, turquoise and lapis lazuli in ancient Egypt. This blood-red stone, the color of the rising and setting sun, symbolizes the terrestrial life and the passage in the other world. It also represents the disk of solar gods that will become the halo of new religions. This sacred emblem crowns the god Re, Isis and his falcon-headed son Horus, Uræus the female cobra, and Hathor the horned goddess. A great example is the Tutankhamen breastplate exhibited at the Cairo Museum.

Cornalines must be bright and vibrant. In the 18th century, the great naturalist Buffon writes:

Mineralogical characteristics of carnelian

Carnelian belongs to the family of chalcedonies such as agates, jasper, onyx, sardoine, heliotrope or chrysoprase. This quartz, often brightly colored, consists mainly of silica and aluminum oxide. In the vast group of silicates they belong, by their architectural structure, to the sub-group of tectosilicates. These represent more than half of the mineral kingdom of the earth’s crust.

Carnelian is usually formed at low temperatures in volcanic rock cavities. Mainly composed of micro-crystals agglomerated in rounded masses, one can also observe it in the form of veining traversing other crystals. It holds its red color of iron oxide. The intensity of the hue may vary from red blood, the most esteemed, to russet orange.

Confusions and Possible Frauds

The confusion with sardoine is very frequent because it is very similar to him. However, sardoine (or Sardinian) shows a less translucent appearance and especially a browner coloring. Carnelian pulp is also finer than that of agates and does not usually have pronounced zoning. This united aspect also differentiates it from jasper.

For a long time, it is known to accentuate the hue of cornalines by heating, even by a simple exposure to the sun. A heat treatment “embellisher”, commonly allows more common agates to pass for cornalines the real red cornalines of good quality become rare.

Provenances of the Carnelian

The most famous cornalines come from India, mainly from the region of Pune.  Other extraction sites are found in Brazil, Peru, Uruguay, the United States (in Washington State), Mali, Scotland, Iceland and Romania.

Etymology of the word “Carnelian”

The traditional explanation is that the carnelian would take its name from the reddish fruit of the dogwood, the cornel. This shrub, of the plant family of the cornaceae, grows in the natural state at the edge of the forests and in the hedges of the eastern Mediterranean countries. The Latin origin of dogwood and dogwood is corneolus (“appearance of the horn”) in reference to the hardness of its core.

A less frequent but probably more accurate interpretation indicates that carnelian comes from carneolus (appearance of the flesh) referring to its light red hue. Our carnelian would then belong to the same family as carnation and other predator and carnivore. The word would have been improperly transcribed corneolus . The Romans mean indifferently carnelian and sardoine of the same name sardus or sarda .

The word carnelian probably originated in the middle Ages. At that time, the language used by scholars was Medieval Latin, an altered form of classical Latin. The corneolus form is most often found in ancient lapidaries, and the Frenchized forms become corneol and then corneline . The inventory of John, Duke of Berry, evokes “two grants cornalynes “. From the sixteenth century, the carnelian takes its current form.

It should be noted that large glass balls, beautifully called “agates” in old playgrounds, become “cornalines” in French-speaking Switzerland.

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The Carnelian throughout History

The Carnelian in Antiquity

The earliest concrete testimonies come from Mesopotamia. They date back to around 2700 BC the remains of Queen Pu-abi were found in the tombs of the ancient city of Ur. She wears countless necklaces and a gold lapis lazuli and carnelian headdress (see illustration below from the Pennsylvania Museum of Archeology, USA).

Excavations at a nearby tomb have revealed a kind of little chest, known as Ur’s Standard. Decorated with friezes of warlike adventures, we see characters and horses made of ivory and mother-of-pearl enhanced with Indian red carnelian. It is visible at the British Museum in London.

The Cabinet des Medailles in Paris has a tiny carnelian from the ancient Cretan Minoan civilization. Dating from the second millennium BC, this intaglio, engraved with great dexterity, represents an eagle removing a heron.

In Egypt, the carnelian protects the pharaoh and the solar gods. We find this sacred stone frequently enshrined in royal ornaments.

The Musée de l’Antique in Arles has a jewel representing this trend, in the form of a ram-headed hawk covered with a cloisonne of multicolored precious stones. The red feathers are made of carnelian. This fabulous bird dates from 1550 BC. Auguste Mariette discovered it in the 19th century during excavations at the tombs of the sacred bulls of Saqqara.

Egyptian lithotherapy also uses carnelian for curative purposes which does not seem the case of the Greeks and Romans. It is however one of the most appreciated stones. The sardines should preferably have a bright, intense red like the flesh, without any haze or unsightly filaments.

Pliny the Elder reports that the purest cornalines have “a figure of heart “. These are male stones from the quarries of ancient Babylon already in ruins in the 1st century AD. It also comes from India, Ceylon, Arabia and Paros and Assos in Greece. These, described as females, often have “tones of honey or terra cotta” much less esteemed.

The Romans place under the carnelian a little dull, a thin sheet of gold or silver to enhance their color as is still practiced today. Besides, the manufacture of jewelry and various small objects, the fine material of the carnelian allows beautiful achievements of colored cameos. It is also used for the intaglio engraving of stamps and “annulus signatorius “(rings to be signed).

The Carnelian in the middle Ages

The West of the middle Ages knows and uses carnelian. Bishop Marbode evokes it from the eleventh century: “The horn is stone oscure (obscure), grant virtue has its nature “. Medieval lithotherapy recognizes him with pleasant qualities:

The carnelian, red as the heart, transmits courage on the battlefield. The heart (the cuer ) symbolizes the courage and the virtues warriors, hence the expressions: “heart to the work”, “high hearts” … Logically, it also evokes the color of the blood, and it is recommended to stop haemorrhages of all kinds.

In the East, its tonic and astringent properties are commonly used.  The Chinese exploit another quality of carnelian: its resistance to the heat of the oven. They mix carnelian powder called “ma-nao “with copper oxide to obtain a powerful red for enameling fine porcelain.

The carnelian in the Renaissance

Two types of carnelian are described: one bright red, called “old rock”, comes from the Orient. The other, more ordinary, “cinnabar red”, is commonly found in Germany near the Rhine or in Italy. A scholar, Anselme Boethius Boot distinguishes a third species, very pale, yellow-orange. This Flemish doctor also specifies the indications of carnelian:

Renaissance artists engrave carnelian with great skill. The Cabinet of Medals retains the famous “seal of Michelangelo” that would have belonged to the artist before joining the collection of kings of France.

It is a carnelian of 3, 5 x 2,5cm reproducing intaglio, a scene of finely detailed harvest, populated with fifteen characters and various animals. It has long been thought, as the Egyptologist Auguste Mariette, that this perfectly executed work, dated back to antiquity. In fact, it would be a friend of Michelangelo who would have realized: The famous engraver Pier-Maria de Pescia.

The cathedral of Reims holds a very different treasure, but with the course and history equally interesting. It is the nave of St. Ursula, ship of gold and silver, decorated with carnelian of Japan.

Its history begins in 1500, when the city of Tours offers it to Anne of Brittany. Later, the queen makes it an object of devotion by adding twelve small statuettes: a gold statuette representing St. Ursula and eleven statuettes of holy virgins enamelled silver.

The nave then belonged to Queen Claude of France, then to Henry II, who had it repaired.  In 1574, Henry III offers it to the cathedral of Reims on the occasion of his coronation. The nave of Saint Ursula is visible today at the Palais du Tau located near the cathedral.

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The Carnelian in Modern Times

Thanks to the expansion of trade, carnelian loses some of its rarity in Western countries. From the seventeenth century, the famous stones, “old rocks” arrive in large numbers thanks to the VOC, the Dutch maritime trade. They come primarily from Japan where they usually undergo a treatment to enhance their color. These cornalines are frequently exchanged for German agates called “Oberstein”. Multicolored and often herborised, the Chinese particularly appreciate them.

The carnelian becomes a semi-precious stone, very appreciated in goldsmith’s art and for the creation of small objects of decorative or useful objects such as snuffboxes. The pale, yellowish carnelian is always discarded. Edme-François de Gersaint, a merchant of art and natural curiosities in Paris, wrote in the 18th century that carnelian must present a “bright red color of freshly cut flesh”. For the Swedish mineralogist Wallerius, the beautiful carnelian is “like the serosity of the blood”.

Some scholars, however, are interested in imperfect coralines : stained, milky, or crossed irregularities. Jean-Christian Kundmann, doctor-naturalist and antiquary gives the name of “stone of Saint-Etienne” to a whitish carnelian spotted with blood red.

Louis Daubenton, the first director of the National Museum of Natural History, describes a carnelian-onyx, a winged carnelian and a carnelian carnelian. The latter says he is more beautiful and more esteemed than the simple agate of the same name because “its vibrant colors of several shades of red form a delightful picture of small flowering mosses “. At the same time, we discover, on limestone hills near Le Havre, some curious samples of carnelian alternated with chalcedonies “water color”.

In the gallery of coaches of the Palace of Versailles, one can admire a sumptuous sedan with four windows and inside padded with ivory satin. Named “Carnelian”, it is used for the wedding of Napoleon I with Marie-Louise. She accompanies other ceremonial cars with precious names: Amethyst, Turquoise and Topaz.

Napoleon also has real cornalines. The museum of the Army to the Invalides exposes a small gusset lorgnette made of carnelian, suspended with a chain of gold. The emperor uses this miniature telescope in all his military campaigns.

The Virtues of the Carnelian in Lithotherapy

The carnelian symbolizes blood and vitality. It has always been given positive and protective effects, especially for women, children and the elderly.

The Benefits of Carnelian against Physical Aches

  • Stop bleeding (of all origins)
  • Activates the healing of wounds
  • Relieves rheumatism, osteoarthritis
  • Calm neuralgia, low back pain
  • Strengthens the circulatory system, the heart
  • Purifies the blood, protects the kidneys
  • Relieves stomachaches: colic, colitis, painful menstruation
  • Facilitates digestion and intestinal transit
  • Promotes sexual fulfillment (impotence fight, frigidity)
  • Improves fertility
  • Strengthens bones and ligaments

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The Benefits of Carnelian on Psychism and Relational

  • Restores vitality and energy
  • Transmits the love of life
  • Removes the fear of death
  • Fight against apathetic, depressive states
  • Promotes resolution, success
  • Facilitates adaptation to new situations
  • Stimulates concentration and meditation
  • Strengthens the memory
  • Give confidence to the shy
  • Encourages speaking skills and stimulates speech
  • Increases resistance to adversity, abuse
  • Soothes anger, resentment and jealousy
  • Maintains and stimulates creativity
  • Protects the house

Carnelian essentially activates the root, sacred and solar plexus chakras (in direct contact with the skin). It can be used as a tonic and detoxifying elixir.

Properties and Virtues of Sapphire

  • March 8, 2019
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The sapphire possesses the beauty of the thrones of paradise. It shows the hearts of the simple, of those guided by certain hope and of those whose life radiates charity and virtue. Well worthy to be worn by kings, the firmament has the color and its beauty seems the sky and its clarity…

Marbode, author of a famous lapidary of the middle Ages describes the fascinating brilliance of sapphire, limpid and deep at the same time. Of the four precious stones (diamond, emerald, ruby, sapphire), it is usually quoted last. The most beautiful virtues are nevertheless associated with him: purity, justice and fidelity.

Mineralogical Characteristics of Sapphire

Sapphire is corundum like ruby, its twin brother. Chromium gives the color ruby ​​red while titanium and iron transmits blue to sapphire. Sapphire is more abundant but the great specimens are exceptional.

Classified in the group of oxides, sapphire has no cleavage (natural plans of breakage). Its facies (aspect) can be pyramidal, prismatic, tabular or in a cask. Of a great hardness, 9 on a scale of 10, it lines all the bodies except the diamond.

Sapphire is formed in metamorphic rocks (rocks transformed by a sudden rise in temperature or pressure) or magmatic rocks (rocks from the center of the earth propelled to the surface following volcanic eruptions). It is found in silica-poor rocks: nepheline, marble, basalt…

Most often, sapphires come from small alluvial deposits known as secondary deposits: rivers descend from mountains carrying stones at the foot of torrents and in the plains. The extraction methods are usually artisanal: dug wells or simple washing of sand and gravel using pans, traditionally wicker. Primary deposits involve difficult extraction of rocks at higher altitudes.

A sapphire must have a nice shine. The milky appearance of a sapphire, then called “chalcedon”, is undesirable. Microscopic cracks causing an effect of ice or foam devalue sapphire, dots and grains as well. All these defects risk lowering the sapphire to the rank of “fine stone”. On the contrary, a sapphire of perfect blue beauty can be worth a great price.

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The colors of sapphire

The colors of the minerals are determined by the more or less minute presence of certain chemical elements. Chromium, titanium, iron, cobalt, nickel or vanadium combine and color various corundum.

Only red corundum, ruby, and blue corundum, sapphire, are considered gemstones. The others, variously colored, are considered as “fancy sapphires”. Their name “sapphire” must be followed by their color, (yellow sapphire, and green sapphire …). Until the late nineteenth century, their relationship is not clearly established, they are called “Eastern Peridot” (green sapphire), “oriental topaz” (yellow sapphire), “oriental amethyst” (purple sapphire)…

A stone sometimes has several clearly differentiated colors or has reflections such as girasol sapphire. The colorless and transparent corundum is a white sapphire or “leucosaphir”. There is a sapphire with a spectacular coral color. Native to Sri Lanka, this rarity bears the special name of “padparadscha” (lotus flower in Sinhalese).

The color of the sapphires can be perceived differently according to the light sources. Some indigo blue sapphires look almost black in artificial light. Others become purple in the light of the sun. Sapphire also has pleochroic properties: the color varies according to the angle of observation.

Sapphire Size

Traditionally, sapphire is cut with diamond dust. The polishing is carried out using a powdered abrasive based on ordinary corundum and declassified: emery also used in the polishing of optical glasses.

Faceted sizes enhance the sparkle of sapphires. Stones with remarkable inclusions, such as the cat’s eye sapphire (forming a vertical line like the cat’s pupil) or the much sought-after star-shaped sapphire (a six-pointed star), will reveal their beauty after an old-fashioned classic size called “en cabochon “.

Deceitful Appellations and Confusions

There are several misleading names:

  • The “sapphire of Brazil” is a blue topaz often irradiated.
  • The “spinel sapphire” is actually a blue spinel.
  • The “water sapphire”, a cordierite.

The saphirine often found in association with corundum, is actually a silicate. It owes only its name to its blue color similar to that of sapphire.

Of producing synthetic sapphire since 1920. They replace natural sapphires in industrial applications. Jewelery also uses them as well as synthetic star sapphires obtained since 1947.

Heat treatments (around 1700 °) and irradiations aim at modifying or correcting the color and the transparency. The use of these methods must be mentioned.

Provenances of Sapphire

Sri Lanka

The sapphires of the Ratnapura region have been known since ancient times. Gems are extracted from the mauve (blue forget-me-not), rare star sapphires, and colored sapphires including padparadscha . And even today, almost half of the sapphires come from ancient Ceylon. Among these, some celebrities:

Logan 433 carats (more than 85 g). Surrounded by diamonds, it is cut into a cushion. Exceptional purity and brilliance can be admired at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington (below left).

The fabulous 563-carat Indian Star (below) and the Midnight Star, 116-carat (above right), astonishing in its violet-purple color. These two wonders are visible at the Museum of Natural History of New York.

Indian cashmere

It is a rare primary deposit unfortunately almost exhausted for forty years. Sapphires, extracted from kaolinite, come directly from the heights of Kashmir at more than 4500 meters of altitude. Deep blue velvety, they are considered the most beautiful of all. The current sapphires supposedly “Kashmir” usually come from Burma.

Myanmar (Burma)

The region of Mogok, cradle of rubies, also contains beautiful sapphires from the pegmatite. In the past, most oriental sapphires came from the independent kingdom of Pegu, located northeast of the current capital Rangoon.

The Smithsonian Institution in Washington displays a magnificent Burmese star sapphire: the 330-carat Asian Star, medium dark blue.

Thailand

Extracts of basalt in the Chanthaburi region and the Kanchanaburi region, the sapphires, of good quality, are dark blue or blue-green sometimes starred. There are also colored sapphires.

Australia

Sapphires were quarried from Queensland basalt rocks as early as 1870 and from New South Wales mines since 1918. Their quality is often average but rare rare black specimens have been discovered there.

State of Montana (USA)

The exploitation of the deposits, on the Missouri shore near the town of Héléna, began in 1894 and stopped in 1920 before sporadically resuming in 1985.

la France

The historic site of Puy-en-Velay in Haute-Loire is exhausted but it would have long provided Europe with sapphires and garnets. Very recently, a discovery of sapphires at the bottom of a river near Issoire in Puy-de-Dôme triggered an exciting scientific investigation. It is a question of retracing the course of the stones to find the primary origin, their place of birth, among the innumerable volcanoes of Auvergne.

Other producing countries include South Africa, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Nigeria, Tanzania and Zimbabwe in Africa; Brazil and Colombia in America; Cambodia and China in Asia.

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Etymology of the name Sapphire

The word sapphire comes from the Latin sapphirus derived from the Greek sappheiros (“precious stone”). Hebrew Sapphire and Syriac Saphilah are certainly the oldest origin of the word. We find in archaic languages ​​the term shapar used to designate first “the things of fire”, then “shiny aspect”, and then by extension “beautiful things”.

One of the Bestiary manuscripts written by the monk-poet Philippe de Thaon around 1120/1130 is written in French, the ancestor of French. It meets for the first time the sapphire in its French form: sapphire. Much later, during the Renaissance, Jean Nicot (famous for the introduction of tobacco in France) published in the dictionary “Thresor of the French language” a slightly different form: sapphir.

The adjective sapphire, or rarer sapphire, characterizes everything from the color of sapphire. There used to be a blue eye drop called sapphire water.

Sapphire throughout history

Sapphire in Antiquity

The Old Testament mentions sapphire several times, especially in Exodus. It is often said that the Tables of the Law would have been sapphire. In reality, sapphire does not refer at all to the material of Tables. It concerns the vision of God by Moses and his companions:

The evocation of the sapphire is more understandable as well and allows noting the antiquity of the symbolism of the stone. The sapphire blue is always associated with celestial power: Indra in India, Zeus or Jupiter among the Greeks and Romans.

Antique sapphire does not always match blue corundum. The sapphires of the Greek scholar Theophrastus (- 300 BC) and the Pliny the Elder sapphires (1st century AD) are perplexing. Their descriptions of golden dots on a blue background rather evoke lapis lazuli. Ceylon corundum, known for at least 800 BC, is more related to cyanus, aeroids of the Romans, or hyakinthos than  to the Greeks.

In ancient times, the intensity of the colors is attributed to the so-called sex of the stones. For example, a dark blue sapphire is considered to be a male, while a little pale yellow sapphire is labeled as female.

There are few antique engraved sapphires. The Department of Antiquities of the National Library retains an Egyptian intaglio (intaglio engraving) of the 2nd century BC representing the curly head of a Ptolemaic queen or princess. We also see an intaglio representing the Roman emperor Pertinax who reigned three months in the year 193.

In terms of benefits, sapphire relieves headaches and soothes the eyes (virtues often attributed to blue stones). Dioscoride, doctor and pharmacist Greek (1st century AD), precursor lithotherapy, recommends sapphire powder, mixed with milk to heal boils and other infected wounds.

Sapphire in the middle Ages

From the 4th century, the hordes of Franks, Visigoths, and other invaders settle in our country and bring their know-how. They master a complex goldsmith technique already used in Egypt at the time of the pharaohs: cloisonné. This process consists of creating thin compartments using copper or gold to house various colored stones. This technique will persist in Merovingian and Carolingian art. One can admire at the Abbey of Saint-Maurice, in Switzerland, the reliquary box of Teudéric, the ewer said of Charlemagne, and the vase said of Saint-Martin, all adorned with sapphires.

From the twelfth century, medieval medicine confirms the virtues of sapphire recognized since ancient times:

“To be chaste, pure and clean, without any stain on him when one is wearing it “are the conditions required to enjoy these benefits.

Sapphire is also a stone of freedom if the prisoner is lucky enough to have it in his prison.  It suffices then to rub the stone on its irons and on all four sides of the prison. This ancient belief is to be compared to the secret world of alchemists who consider the sapphire as the stone of the air. Does the expression “plays the girl of the air” come from there?

Christendom adopts heavenly sapphire. Symbol of purity, it is frequently associated with the Virgin Mary. The cardinals carry it on the right hand. The pious king of England, Edward the Confessor does the same. According to legend, he would have offered his ring decorated with a beautiful sapphire to a beggar. This poor man would be St. John the Evangelist returned to earth to experience it. In the Holy Land, Saint John entrusts the ring to two pilgrims who bring it back to the English sovereign.

The king is canonized in the 12th century. At the opening of his tomb, the sapphire is removed from him. Enshrined in a Maltese cross, the “Saint Edward’s Sapphire” overcomes since 1838 the imperial crown of Queen Victoria and her successors.

In Italy, the Santa Casa de Loreto (Holy House of Loreto) would be truly the house of Mary. In Nazareth, the place is converted into a chapel since the Apostles. The Crusaders, driven out of Palestine, organize the translation of the house in Italy, by boat, between 1291 and 1294. The three stone walls become a rich basilica and over the centuries, the offerings of the pilgrims constitute a real treasure.

In a story of 1786 for Madame Elizabeth sister of Louis XVI, the Abbot of Binos reports having contemplated a wonderful sapphire. It measured, it seems, a foot and a half high on a base of two feet (pyramid of about 45cm x 60cm). Exaggeration or reality? No one knows because the treasure has totally disappeared today.

The Louvre exhibits a religious work decorated with sapphires dating from the fifteenth century: “the Table of the Trinity.” It is a kind of mounted piece set with precious stones. The sapphires predominate, the largest is intaglio engraved probably effigy of Jeanne de Navarre, Queen of England in 1403. She offers this present to the Duke of Brittany, his son. Anne of Brittany transmits the inheritance to the Royal Treasury of France by her marriage with Charles VIII.

Sapphires adorn jewelry and utilitarian objects. The hanaps (large glass vase-shaped with a lid) are richly provided: golden silver hanap sitting on a fountain-shaped foot garnished with two garnets and eleven sapphires … Hanap or, with a fretelet (button shaped fruit or flower) trimmed with a rose gold and pearls with a large sapphire in the middle. These sapphires encountered in royal inventories do not all come from the East.

Modern Times and Sapphire

The property-named “Grand Saphir” appears in the collections of Louis XIV in 1669. In the absence of written transaction in the records, it is generally considered that it is a gift. This magnificent present, blue velvet color with violet reflections weighs 135 carats and comes from Ceylon. The Grand Saphir comes out a few times from its chest to dazzle prestigious visitors. He is then placed in a gold frame alongside his friend, the blue diamond.

It was long believed that this jewel was a rough stone. In 1801, the mineralogist René-Just Haüy notes that the stone has been the subject of a careful faceting carefully respecting its natural symmetry and its original shape of rhombus. Since its acquisition, Grand Saphir has never undergone other scrap. It is visible at the Museum of Natural Histories of Paris.

The Grand Sapphire is frequently confused with the sapphire of “Ruspoli” but it is about two different gems. The Ruspoli has an almost identical weight, but it is cut differently (cushion-shaped). He also comes from Ceylon where, according to tradition, a poor man, a wooden spooner, would have discovered him. It owes its name to the Italian prince Francesco Ruspoli, one of the first known owners. This sapphire knows an eventful route: sold to a French jeweler, it then successively belongs to the fortunate Harry Hope, to the Royal Treasury of Russia and then to the Romanian Crown. Finally sold to an American buyer around 1950, we do not know what has become of him since.

The origin of the famous sapphire set of Queen Marie-Amélie, wife of Louis-Philippe is also full of mystery. Louis-Philippe, still Duke of Orleans, buys these jewels to Queen Hortense, daughter of the Empress Josephine and adopted daughter of Napoleon I. No writing, no portrait has allowed to explain the origin of the ornament visible in the Louvre since 1985.

In 1938, a young boy found in Australia a black stone with a pretty appearance of more than 200 g. The stone stays in the house for years, it is said to be used as a door-lock. The father, minor, will eventually discover that it is a black sapphire.

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The benefits of sapphire against physical wounds

  • Relieves migraines and headaches
  • Soothes rheumatic pains, sciatica
  • Regenerates skin, nails and hair
  • Treats fever and inflammation
  • Strengthens the venous system
  • Regulates blood effusions
  • Relieves sinusitis, bronchitis
  • Improves vision disorders, especially conjunctivitis
  • Stimulates vitality

It is used as an elixir to relieve headaches and ear pain, purify the skin, fight against acne and strengthen the nails and hair.

The Benefits of Sapphire on Psychism and Relational

  • Promotes spiritual elevation, inspiration and meditation
  • Calm mental activity
  • Soothes anger
  • Encourages dynamism
  • Raise fear
  • Stimulates concentration, creativity
  • Soothes depressive states
  • Restores joie de vivre, enthusiasm
  • Develops self-confidence and perseverance
  • Regulates hyper-activity
  • Increase the passions
  • Strengthens the will, the courage
  • Promotes sleep and positive dreams

Reload Lithotherapy Stones and Crystals

  • March 8, 2019
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After purifying and cleaning your stones, it is important to recharge them. This step allows your minerals to regain optimal energy balance, so you can continue to use them and enjoy all the benefits.

There are different ways to recharge lithotherapy minerals. It should be noted that not all will be suitable for all minerals. When reloading your stones, be attentive to their specificity and find out beforehand to avoid any risk of damaging them.

In this article, we will begin by detailing each of the main methods to recharge your minerals: exposure to the sun, exposure to the lunar light, charge in an amethyst geode or on a crystalline mass. We will then detail the techniques to use for some of the most popular stones.

Reload Stones to Sunlight

It is, by far, the most common technique for energizing a mineral. This popularity is related to three things:

  • The refilling in the sunlight is  efficient and fast
  • This charging technique is simple to implement
  • The energy we lavish on the sun is free and requires no investment (unlike recharging in a geode for example)

How to recharge your stones in the light of the sun? Very simply, you just need to deposit your minerals on a window sill directly exposed to the sun (and not through the glass) and leave them there for a few hours. Your stone will gorge with sunlight, transform and store its energy, then return it to you when you wear it or work with it.

The amount of time you have to let it load depends on several factors:  natural load of the stone, appearance of the sky but also your location on the planet.

The natural energy load of your stone

Some stones are naturally “stronger” than others, and we need a longer reloading time to be at their full potential. A transparent stone like selenite will recharge in the sun much faster than hematite for example. While you can leave the first 1 hour in the sun (preferably in the morning), the second will easily spend several hours or even a whole afternoon.

The appearance of the sky

Is the sky overcast or sunny? This aspect is relatively marginal because, even under a cloudy sky, the sunlight remains extremely powerful and the reloading of your stones will take place. This will nevertheless determine how long you want to leave your stones in the sun.  When the temperature is high and the sun hits hard, reloading your stones will be faster than under a gray and rainy sky.

The place where you are on the planet

In the same vein, consider the intensity of solar radiation where you live. Here again, it is a marginal difference, but it is this very slight variation at the astronomical level that creates the great diversity of climates on earth. If you are in Oceania, you naturally have a solar radiation more intense than in northern Europe for example. The reloading of your stone in the light of the sun will thus also be carried out more quickly.

So, how long do you need to recharge your stones in the sunlight? According to the different conditions mentioned above, we could answer “between 1 hour and 1 day”. As you will understand, there is no standard measure that would apply to all your stones in exactly the same way. In the end, it is by getting to know your stones that you will feel when they are recharged and when they need a little more time.

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Reload the Stones in the Light of the Moon

The lunar star does not of course project its own light since it only reflects that of the sun. This reflection has the characteristic of providing a much softer and subtle light, while retaining its original energy. For this reason, it is recommended as a preferred reloading method for more delicate stones that do not tolerate direct exposure to the sun.

How to recharge your stones in the light of the moon? Again, it’s very simple: you just have to put your minerals on a window sill directly exposed to the light of the moon. Again, it is important that this exposure be direct: if you leave your stone behind a closed window, reloading will not happen as well or so quickly.

Even more than in direct exposure to sunlight, the appearance of the sky will play an important role. If the sky is overcast and it is dark, the reloading of your stones will not be able to take place.

Observe the Lunar Cycle

The visible part of the moon will play on the effectiveness of the refill. On a moonless night (what is called in astronomy the “new moon” or “new moon”), you cannot logically benefit from the lunar light to recharge your minerals … Similarly, if you are at first or last crescent and that only a small part of the moon is lit, reloading will not be as effective as during the full moon.

Reloading Stones to the Full Moon

The ideal moon phase for recharging your stones and crystals is therefore the full moon. It is at this moment that the moon reflects, with all its lighted face, the light of the solar star. If in addition the sky is clear, it’s a great way to recharge, not only the more fragile stones that deteriorate in direct sunlight, but all your minerals. Do not deprive yourself of exposing them from time to time; it can only be beneficial to them.

How long to recharge your stones in the light of the moon?  In any case, you can leave them for the whole night. If the sky is particularly cloudy or you are in a less enlightened lunar phase and you feel that your rock still needs recharging, you can of course repeat the exposure.

Reload Stones in an Amethyst or Quartz Geode

This technique is certainly powerful, and even ideal, but it involves having a geode or a good size cluster available, which is not always the case. But if you have the chance to use this reloading technique, it’s also the simplest of them all. Just drop your stone in the geode and let it rest for a whole day.

The shape of the geode, which allows the stone to be surrounded and bathe in the energy it provides, is perfect for this type of recharge. Amethyst and quartz geodes are the most appropriate, but it is also possible to use a crystalline cluster. In this case, we will favor the rock crystal. Here too, all you have to do is lay your stone at the top of the pile and leave it there for a whole day.

It is not necessary to expose the geode or cluster in direct sunlight, and this is one of the reasons why this reloading technique can be used with all stones. If you are looking for geodes, you can find some on our online mineral shop.

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Some Popular Stones and Methods for Reloading

Finally, here is a list of some of the most popular minerals and recommended ways to purify and reload them:

Aquamarine

Purification: running water, glass of distilled or salted water, incense

Recharging: sunlight, amethyst geode, quartz cluster

Yellow Amber

Purification: running water, glass of water

Reloading: moonlight, amethyst geode, quartz cluster

Amethyst

Purification: sunlight

Reloading: moonlight (ideally full moon), quartz geode

Amethyst Geode

Purification: sunlight

Reloading: moonlight (ideally full moon)

Apatite

Purification: water, incense, burial

Recharging: sunlight, amethyst geode, quartz cluster

Aventurine

Purification: glass of distilled or salted water

Reloading: sunlight (morning), moonlight, amethyst geode, quartz cluster

Chalcedony

Purification: running water

Recharging: sunlight, amethyst geode, quartz cluster

Citrine

Purification: running water, glass of water during the night

Reloading: moonlight, amethyst geode, quartz cluster

Cornelian

Purification: running water, glass of water during the night

Recharging: sunlight, amethyst geode, quartz cluster

Rock Crystal (quartz)

Purification: running water, glass of water

Reloading: sunlight, amethyst geode

Emerald

Purification: glass of distilled or demineralized water

Reloading: sunlight (morning), amethyst geode, quartz cluster

Heliotrope

Purification: glass of water

Recharging: sunlight, amethyst geode, quartz cluster

Hematite

Purification: glass of distilled or slightly salted water

Recharging: sunlight, amethyst geode, quartz cluster

labradorite

Purification: glass of water

Recharging: sunlight, amethyst geode, quartz cluster

Lapis lazuli

Purification: running water, glass of water

Reloading: moonlight, amethyst geode, quartz cluster

Malachite

Purification: running water, incense

Reloading: sunlight (morning), amethyst geode, quartz cluster

Obsidian:

Purification: running water

Recharging: sunlight, amethyst geode, quartz cluster

Eye of tiger

Purification: glass of distilled or salted water

Reloading: sunlight (morning), moonlight, amethyst geode, quartz cluster

Onyx

Purification: glass of distilled or salted water

Reloading: sunlight, moonlight, amethyst geode, quartz cluster

Moon stone

Purification: running water, glass of demineralised water

Reloading: moonlight, amethyst geode, quartz cluster

Rose Quartz

Purification: running water, glass of distilled and slightly salted water

Reloading: sunlight (morning), moonlight, amethyst geode

Ruby

Purification: glass of salt water, distilled water or deionized water

Recharging: sunlight, amethyst geode, quartz cluster

Sapphire

Purification: glass of salt water, distilled water or deionized water

Reloading: sunlight, moonlight, amethyst geode, quartz cluster

sodalite

Purification: spring water, demineralized water, running water

Reloading: moonlight, amethyst geode, quartz cluster

Topaz

Purification: running water, glass of distilled or salt water

Recharging: sunlight, amethyst geode, quartz cluster

Tourmaline

Purification: running water, glass of distilled or salt water

Reloading: sunlight (the brighter it is, the more exposure will have to be moderate), moonlight (for translucent tourmalines), amethyst geode, quartz clusters

Turquoise

Purification: sea salt

Reloading: moonlight, amethyst geode, quartz cluster

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